Hello and welcome to the first article written about Colombia.
Your host: Louis A. Bolaños
Besides that Colombia is a beautiful country,and where the best mountain coffee is grown, it is also the birthplace of yours truly.
I will talk to you in writing about the country and the reasons for my living here in Colombia.
Why I love living here
Colombia has a population of 47.7 million as of 2012, the capital is Bogota and holds a population of 7,571,345, Medellin been the second largest city in Colombia holds a population of 3,729,970 and Cali, the third largest city in Colombia that has a population of 3,225,580. The rest of the folks live in smaller towns and villages out in the country side, where it is sorrounded by the Andes Mountains where the good coffee is grown and yes, where Juan Valdez “lives”, though we have never seen him, but he must be somewhere up in them mountains transporting that “Burro” loaded with coffee so that all the American homes and other countries can have that ‘Fresh mountain grown cafe”
COLOMBIA as it is spelled in Spanish , English, French,Chinese or any language of the world…NOT COLUMBIA…because Columbia is a North American river; rises in southwestern Canada and flows southward across Washington to form the border between Washington and Oregon before emptying into the Pacific. There is also a Columbia University in the City of New York, commonly referred to as Columbia University,it is an American private Ivy League research university.
And last but not least, a Columbia,SC. this Columbia is the state capital and largest city in the State of South Carolina.
So, The Colombia that we are talking about has an “o” after the letter “L”. not a “U”. Colombia is a country located in the Northwestern part of South America, its neighbors are Panama to the northwest, the Caribbean sea to the north, Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Ecuador and Peru to the south and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Colombia was inhabited originally by indigenous people of various tribes called: The Muisca, Tairona and the Quimbaya tribes. In 1499 the Spaniards arrived in their territories where they began a time of conquest and colonization, as I would call it, a period of slaughter and submission…like the communist of our days, you know what I mean. In 1819 Colombia or Viceroyalty of New Granada as it was named, won its independence from Spain and changed the name to the “Gran Colombia” or the great Colombia, but by the year 1830 the independent colony had collapsed and the part of Venezuela and Ecuador had divided and began their own new colonies. The part of what is now Colombia and Panama had merged into a new colony called “La Republica de la Nueva Granada” the Republic of New Granade ” later on in 1863 it changed the name again to the United States of Colombia, to finally divided itself from Panama and declared itself as a country in 1886 to the Republic of Colombia.
THE ARMED CONFLICT IN COLOMBIA
Since 1960 the country has suffered from an Asymmetric armed conflict until present time with the several terrorist groups like:
Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (ELN), Fuerzas Armadas de Colombia(FARC),Movimuento 19 Abril(M-19), Ejercito de Liberacion Popular(EPL)Ejercito Popular Revolucionario(EPR),Movimiento Quintin Lame (Quintin),Movimiento Jaime Bateman Cayon(Bateman Cayon),Ejercito Revolucionario Guevarista(ERG)
Colombia is an ethnically diverse country, so what does it mean to be ethnically diverse? It could be that it is a country with immigrants from most other places or a country with different culture groups, languages, religions, all within one nation (like the U.S.A.) so because it is an ethnically diverse country, there is an interaction between descendants of the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists. Africans originally were brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East produced a rich cultural heritage.
Colombia is also one of the world’s 17 mega diverse countries, and is considered the most mega diverse per square kilometer. Colombia is a middle power with the third largest economy in South America.
Its Main industries include oil, mining, chemicals, health related products, food processing, agricultural products, textile and fabrics, garments, rain forest products, machinery, electronics, military products, metal products, home and office material, construction equipment, banking, financial services, software, IT services and the automotive industry.
Official language is castillian spanish with 68 ethnic languages and dialects, English is also considered an official language in the Islands of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina.